Malaria is an infectious disease that is spread by mosquitoes, in particular female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.Malaria is a disease that is found in hundreds of different countries around the world and over 3 billion people are at risk from the disease. 2.
Falciparum malaria is associated with high levels of parasites in the blood and has the highest death rate and rate of complications of all types of malaria. Red blood cells that are infected with the parasite tend to sludge and lead to microinfarctions (tiny areas of dead tissue due to lack of oxygen) in capillaries in the brain, liver, adrenal gland, intestinal tract, kidneys, lungs, and.
Malaria caused by P. falciparum is the most deadly form. It predominates in Africa; P. vivax is less dangerous but more widespread, and the other three species are found much less frequently. Malaria parasites are transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female mosquitoes of more than 30 anopheline species.
Malaria’s toll would be much higher without the efforts of CDC and other global partners. From 2000 through 2012, the massive scale-up of malaria prevention and treatment interventions saved approximately 3.3 million lives globally, and malaria death rates in Africa were cut nearly in half.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that affects humans and other animals. Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma, or death. Symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. If not properly treated, people may have recurrences of the.
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Background. Malaria during pregnancy remains a major public health concern in tropical and subtropical countries. Moreover, malaria is increasingly associated with unwanted pregnancy outcomes such as an increased risk of abortion, stillbirth, premature delivery, and low-birthweight infants. Since pregnant women are most vulnerable to malaria, implementation of the appropriate prevention and.
Malaria was once wide spread in the 0th century because of the temperate climates. According to statistics, malaria causes more than 500 million illnesses, and it killed at least one million people per year mostly young children. Of the one million deaths due to malaria, ninety percent of it occurs in Africa, south of the Sahara.